According to the National Safety Council, 14% of traffic deaths involve a motorcycle. This is even though motorcycles only make up 3% of all registered vehicles. The reasons for such statistics are many. A few of them include: motorcycles, in general, are smaller and less visible than cars;
motorcycles are often operated in a driver’s blind spot; there appears to be an increase in distracted drivers, and motorcyclists do not always wear proper motorcycle gear.
Moreover, when comparing the unhelmeted versus helmeted riders, unhelmeted riders are three times as likely than helmeted riders to sustain a traumatic brain injury. Further, not all helmets are made the same. Helmets recognized for use as head protection are distinguished from helmets that have been called “novelty helmets.”
Specifically, helmets used for head protection meet federal performance standards and are certified as such. Novelty helmets, on the other hand, do not carry such certification. The use of novelty helmets creates twice the risk of an accident fatality when compared with certified helmets.
Arguments against wearing helmets have been scientifically refuted. For example, those who say wearing a helmet increases the risk of neck injuries have been proven incorrect. In another study, the myth that motorcycle helmets restrict hearing and vision was debunked.
Other protective gear, such as jackets, pants, gloves, and boots, are also helpful in preventing injury or decreasing injury severity.
The type of motorcycle used has also been found to relate to the incidence of injuries. There are 10 different classes for street-legal motorcycles.
These include cruisers, standards, supersports, sport, unclad sport, sport-touring, touring, and scooters. The lowest mortality rates have been found with cruisers, standards, touring, and sport-touring bikes. The highest rates of death have been found with supersport motorcycles, despite making up the smallest fraction of registered motorcycles.
The supersport motorcycles are the consumer version of racing motorcycles. Their combination of reduced weight and increased power make them more vulnerable as they share the road with larger and heavier motor vehicles.
The presence of antilock brakes has been shown to correlate with motorcycle safety.
In particular, the rate of motorcycle crashes resulting in death is 31% lower in bikes that have antilock brakes compared to those without. Unlike cars, where a lock-up of the brakes results in a skid, motorcycles whose brakes lock up typically result in a fall.
Motorcycle safety is an important consideration, especially during the warmer weather months when use and associated injuries are expected to increase.